A Space Odyssey () - IMDb
To date, the last two novels have yet to be adapted as films. . paperback, Spanish Language edition ( Una odisea espacial) translated by Antonio Ribera . A Space Odyssey title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Release date Both he and Lester del Rey disliked the film's feeling of sterility and blandness in all the human .. Sound in poll for ten best films, and tops the Online Film Critics Society list of "greatest science fiction films of all time. Main · Videos; Dating ex girlfriend again myrrhen tinktur gegen herpes dating · odisea en el espacio online dating · agentul straniu online dating.
This was confirmed by former Kubrick assistant Leon Vitali: That's what he wanted. A Space Odyssey soundtrack and A Space Odyssey score From very early in production, Kubrick decided that he wanted the film to be a primarily nonverbal experience  that did not rely on the traditional techniques of narrative cinema, and in which music would play a vital role in evoking particular moods.
About half the music in the film appears either before the first line of dialogue or after the final line. Almost no music is heard during scenes with dialogue.
The film is notable for its innovative use of classical music taken from existing commercial recordings. Most feature films then and now are typically accompanied by elaborate film scores or songs written specially for them by professional composers. In the early stages of production, Kubrick had commissioned a score for from Hollywood composer Alex Northwho had written the score for Spartacus and also worked on Dr.
A Space Odyssey (novel) - Wikipedia
North did not learn that his score had been abandoned until he saw the film's premiere. As additional "bonus tracks" at the end, the CD includes the versions of "Zarathustra" and "Lux aeterna" on the old MGM soundtrack, an unaltered performance of "Aventures", and a nine-minute compilation of all of Hal's dialogue. North's unused music was first released in Telarc's issue of the main theme on Hollywood's Greatest Hits, Vol.
Eventually, a mono mix-down of North's original recordings, which had survived in the interim, was released as a limited-edition CD by Intrada Records.
A Space Odyssey Costumes and set design[ edit ] Kubrick involved himself in every aspect of production, even choosing the fabric for his actors' costumes,  and selecting notable pieces of contemporary furniture for use in the film. Olivier Mourguedesigner of the Djinn chair, has used the connection to in his advertising; a frame from the film's space station sequence and three production stills appear on the homepage of Mourgue's website.
Everyone recalls one early sequence in the film, the space hotel,  primarily because the custom-made Olivier Mourgue furnishings, those foam-filled sofas, undulant and serpentine, are covered in scarlet fabric and are the first stabs of color one sees. They resemble Rorschach "blots" against the pristine purity of the rest of the lobby. Similar detailed instructions for replacing the explosive bolts also appear on the hatches of the E. Vehicles[ edit ] Modern replica of the Discovery One spaceship model To heighten the reality of the film very intricate models of the various spacecraft and locations were built.
Their sizes ranged from about two-foot long models of satellites and the Aries translunar shuttle up to a foot long Discovery One spacecraft. The image of the model was cut out of the photographic print and mounted on glass and filmed on an animation stand.
The undeveloped film was re-wound to film the star background with the silhouette of the model photograph acting as a matte to block out where the spaceship image was. For most shots the model was stationary and camera was driven along a track on a special mount, the motor of which was mechanically linked to the camera motor—making it possible to repeat camera moves and match speeds exactly.
Elements of the scene were recorded on same piece of film in separate passes to combine the lit model, stars, planets, or other spacecraft in the same shot. In moving shots of the long Discovery One spacecraft, in order to keep the entire model in focus, multiple passes had to be made with the lighting on it blocked out section by section. In each pass the camera would be focused on the one lit section. The camera could be fixed to the inside of the rotating wheel to show the actor walking completely "around" the set, or mounted in such a way that the wheel rotated independently of the stationary camera, as in the jogging scene where the camera appears to alternately precede and follow the running actor.
The shots where the actors appear on opposite sides of the wheel required one of the actors to be strapped securely into place at the "top" of the wheel as it moved to allow the other actor to walk to the "bottom" of the wheel to join him. The most notable case is when Bowman enters the centrifuge from the central hub on a ladder, and joins Poole, who is eating on the other side of the centrifuge. This required Gary Lockwood to be strapped into a seat while Keir Dullea walked toward him from the opposite side of the wheel as it turned with him.
A stewardess is shown preparing in-flight meals, then carrying them into a circular walkway. Attached to the set as it rotates degrees, the camera's point of view remains constant, and she appears to walk up the "side" of the circular walkway, and steps, now in an "upside-down" orientation, into a connecting hallway. The actors' bodies blocked the camera's view of the wires, creating the appearance of floating.
The novel discusses orbital mechanics and the manoeuvres associated with space travel with great scientific accuracy. The daily lives of Bowman and Poole on board the Discovery One are discussed in detail and give the impression of a busy yet mundane lifestyle with few surprises until the malfunction of Hal.
Floyd's journey to Space Station One is depicted with awareness of fine points such as the experience of a Space Shuttle launchthe adhesive sauces used to keep food firmly in place on one's plate, and even the zero-gravity toilet.
Main Characters[ edit ] Moon-Watcher: He, his tribe, and his species were faced with extinction, but for the intervention of a monolith which imbued him and his fellows with the beginnings of higher intelligence.
Evolution then took its course. Scientist and senior bureaucrat, who is flown from the earth to the moon on a secret mission concerning the Tycho monolith, a second monolith which has been discovered on the moon, and excavated by Americans.
In Floyd's presence, the Tycho monolith, being struck by sunlight for the first time in three million years, sends an extremely powerful signal in the direction of Saturn. First Captain of the Discovery, an American spacecraft which had previously been intended to visit the Jupiter system, but which has recently instead been charged with exploring Saturn. Unbeknownst to Bowman and his deputy Frank Poole, the true objective of the mission is reconnaissance of Saturn space, implicated by the above radio signal direction, where it is thought that further clues to the aliens' intent may be found.
Bowman and Poole routinely toggle shifts in order to maintain a continuous, waking presence on board the Discovery. HAL malfunctions, killing all crew members with the exception of Bowman; this was a result both of HAL being entrusted with the true objective of the Discovery's mission, and also of being charged with keeping it a secret until the appropriate time.
These orders conflict with HAL's basic purpose, which is the accurate and complete communication of information to humans. Minor Characters[ edit ] Over the course of the novel, several minor characters either appear very briefly or are named only in passing, including other man-apes, spaceflight staff, lunar station security, and Discovery crew members. Among the novel's minor characters, some of the more consequential are listed below often having direct film equivalents, or else being recurring characters in the Odyssey novel series.
In the film, Moisevitch's role is carried out by a character of a different name, while the character of Moisevitch as-such makes appearances throughout the rest of the Odyssey series and in the opening scene of the film. Moisevitch, like Floyd, is written as a cagey and worldly bureaucrat.
Administrator of the Southern Province and leader of Clavius Base, Halvorsen represents American interests on the moon, and receives Floyd at Clavius to gather information about the Tycho monolith. Whitehead, Kaminski, and Hunter: In the event of the deaths of Bowman or Poole, the hibernating astronauts are to be revived in the order given. Consequently, upon Poole's presumptive death, Bowman partially revived Whitehead until HAL depressurized the Discovery, killing the three while Bowman escaped to a secure area.
In the film, HAL kills the trio by simply shutting off their life support functions while Bowman is on EVA in an effort to recover Poole's body; in the film, the trio are instead styled as Kimball, Kaminsky, and Hunter. In the film, this initial instructor is instead named as "Mr.
2001: A Space Odyssey
Langley"; however the character of Dr. Chandra features throughout the rest of the Odyssey franchise, especially in the book and film. In other films and novels of the franchise, these pods are given different naming conventions. Betty is the pod which, under HAL's control, causes Poole's presumptive death. Sequels[ edit ] A sequel to the book, entitled Odyssey Twowas published in and adapted as a motion picture in Clarke went on to write two more sequel novels: Odyssey Three and The Final Odyssey To date, [update] the last two novels have yet to be adapted as films.
Reception[ edit ] James Blish commented that while Clarke's narrative provided essential elements of the story that Kubrick ignored or glossed over, "The novel has very little of the poetry of the picture" and "lacks most of the picture's strengths", but that "it has to be read before one can understand the picture".
Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. March Learn how and when to remove this template message Although the novel and film were developed simultaneously, the novel follows early drafts of the film, from which the final version of the film deviated. The most notable differences are a change in the destination planet from Saturn to Jupiterand the nature of the sequence of events leading to HAL's demise.
Stylistic differences may be more important than content differences. Of lesser importance are the appearance of the monolith, the age of HAL, and the novel giving names to various spacecraft, prehistoric apes, and HAL's inventor. Stylistically, the novel generally fleshes out and makes concrete many events left somewhat enigmatic in the film, as has been noted by many observers.
Vincent LeBrutto has noted that the novel has "strong narrative structure" which fleshes out the story, while the film is a mainly visual experience where much remains "symbolic". Kubrick used Jupiter because he and special effects supervisor Douglas Trumbull could not decide on what they considered to be a convincing model of Saturn's rings for the film. Trumbull later developed a more convincing image of Saturn for his own directorial debut Silent Running. The general sequence of the showdown with HAL is different in the film from in the book.
HAL's initial assertion that the AE unit will fail comes in the film after an extended conversation with David Bowman about the odd and "melodramatic" "mysteries" and "secrecy" surrounding the mission, motivated officially because HAL is required to draw up and send to Earth a crew psychology report.
A Space Odyssey (film) - Wikipedia
In the film, Bowman and Poole decide on their own to disconnect HAL in context of a plan to restore the allegedly failing antenna unit. If it does not fail, HAL will be shown to be malfunctioning. In Clarke's novel, ground control orders Bowman and Poole to disconnect HAL, should he prove to be malfunctioning a second time by predicting that the second unit is going to go bad.
The film has Bowman, after Poole's murder, go out to rescue him. HAL denies him reentry and kills the hibernating crew members by turning off their life-support.
In the sequel Odyssey Two, however, the recounting of the Discovery One mission is changed to the film version. In the novel, this monolith is a transparent crystal;  In the film, it is solid black. While it is stated in the book that the ratio of the dimensions of the monolith are supposed to be 1: A ratio of 1: Kubrick wanted something taller and thinner, which he felt would be more imposing.
Measurements taken from movie frames show that the movie monolith has dimensions approximately in the ratio 0. Iapetus versus Japetus[ edit ] The name of the Saturnian moon Iapetus is spelled Japetus in the book. This is an alternative rendering of the name, which derives from the fact that "consonantal I" often stands for "J" in the Latin language see modern spelling of Latin. In his exhaustive book on the film, The Making of Kubrick's author Jerome Agel discusses the point that Iapetus is the most common rendering of the name, according to many sources, including the Oxford English Dictionary.