North Korea nuclear test: Hydrogen bomb 'missile-ready' - BBC News
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One of the guerrilla leaders was the communist Kim Il-sungwho later became the first leader of North Korea. Division of Korea — Main articles: Division of Korea and History of North Korea Suspected communist sympathizers awaiting execution in May after the Jeju Uprising At the end of World War II inthe Korean Peninsula was divided into two zones along the 38th parallelwith the northern half of the peninsula occupied by the Soviet Union and the southern half by the United States.
The drawing of the division was assigned to two American officers, diplomat Dean Rusk and Army officer Charles Bonesteelwho chose the 38th parallel because it divided the country approximately in half but would place the capital Seoul under American control.
North Korea nuclear test: Hydrogen bomb 'missile-ready'
No experts on Korea were consulted. The agreement was incorporated into the U. During the provisional government, Shtykov's chief accomplishment was a sweeping land reform program that broke North Korea's stratified class system. Landlords and Japanese collaborators fled to the South, where there was no land reform and sporadic unrest.
Shtykov nationalized key industries and led the Soviet delegation to talks on the future of Korea in Moscow and Seoul. In Aprilan uprising of the Jeju islanders was violently crushed.
The South declared its statehood in May and two months later the ardent anti-communist Syngman Rhee  became its ruler. Shtykov served as the first Soviet ambassador, while Kim Il-sung became premier. Soviet forces withdrew from the North inand most American forces withdrew from the South in Ambassador Shtykov suspected Rhee was planning to invade the North and was sympathetic to Kim's goal of Korean unification under socialism.
The two successfully lobbied Joseph Stalin to support a quick war against the South, which culminated in the outbreak of the Korean War.
North Korea country profile - BBC News
Alleged American war atrocities against the Korean people are the main theme of the museum. The military of North Korea invaded the South on 25 Juneand swiftly overran most of the country. As they neared the border with China, Chinese forces intervened on behalf of North Korea, shifting the balance of the war again. Fighting ended on 27 Julywith an armistice that approximately restored the original boundaries between North and South Korea.
odintsov.info - North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)
More than one million civilians and soldiers were killed in the war. As a result of the war, almost every substantial building in North Korea was destroyed. Since the war, the United States has maintained a strong military presence in the South which is depicted by the North Korean government as an imperialist occupation force.
The North failed in several assassination attempts on South Korean leaders, such as inand the Rangoon bombing in ; tunnels were found under the DMZ and tensions flared over the axe murder incident at Panmunjom in Insecret, high-level contacts began to be conducted culminating in the July 4th North-South Joint Statement that established principles of working toward peaceful reunification.
Australia does not have an Embassy or Consulate in North Korea. The Swedish Embassy in Pyongyang may be able to provide limited assistance to Australians. See Where to get help. Foreigners arriving without a valid visa may be detained, arrested, fined or denied entry. You may need to provide your recent international travel itineraries as part of the visa application process and, possibly, on arrival in the DPRK.
Professional journalists must apply for special permission to visit the DPRK and are not permitted to enter the country on a tourist visa. Visa and other entry and exit conditions such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations change regularly. You'll need to get a double- or multiple-entry visa for China so that you'll be able to re-enter China on departure from the DPRK.
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You'll need to declare all published material books, academic papers, pamphlets etc. Assume that authorities will inspect published material and electronic devices and possibly confiscate the items. Speak to your tour operator if you have any concerns. If they are not confiscated on arrival, you may be required to deposit mobile phones, satellite phones and global positioning satellite GPS receivers at the customs checkpoint, to be collected on departure.
Quarantine regulations are usually strictly applied to travellers who exhibit medical symptoms related to serious communicable disease. Foreigners are required to register with government authorities, through their host organisation, within 24 hours of arrival in the DPRK. If you stay in a hotel, confirm at check-in that your registration will be done by the hotel.Do Americans Know Asian Geography?
Passport Make sure your passport is valid for at least six months after the date you intend to return to Australia.
Your passport is a valuable document and attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. Be aware of attempts to obtain access to your passport by deception. If you are forced to hand over your passport, contact an Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate for advice.
If your passport is lost or stolen, you must notify the Australian Government as soon as possible. The Euro is the most widely accepted foreign currency. You could encounter difficulties in exchanging currencies in the DPRK. Banking facilities are limited and travellers cheques are not accepted. ATMs are not available and you can't use a debit or credit card to withdraw cash from a bank.
Some shops and restaurants catering to foreigners might convert foreign currency on site to allow payments to be processed. Cash is the most accepted form of payment. Take small denominations of the foreign currency you intend to use, as it may be difficult to obtain change if paying with large denominations. Peace is maintained under an armistice agreement but the two Koreas are still technically at war and inter-Korean relations are very tense.
The security situation on the Korean Peninsula could deteriorate further with little warning. The DPRK has conducted underground nuclear tests and ballistic missile tests, increasing tensions in the region. Further military and rhetorical provocations by the DPRK and responses by other countries are possible. The DPRK is a closed society.
Access to information is restricted and unreliable. There is very little, if any, information available about internal political developments. Access to international satellite TV channels is usually available in hotels used by foreigners but such access could be curtailed in a crisis. If you decide to travel to the DPRK despite the risks, stay as short a time as possible eliminate unnecessary activities pay close attention to your personal security monitor local propaganda and other local sources for signs of rising tensions on the Korean Peninsula, civil unrest or internal instability to the extent possible, monitor ROK and other media for information on political issues and possible safety or security risks in the DPRK.
Crime DPRK authorities do not release crime statistics. Crime against foreigners in the DPRK is relatively rare but reports from travellers suggest petty crime occurs, particularly at Pyongyang airport and in public markets. Keep your passport and other valuables secure at all times. Carry only what you need.
Don't tempt thieves — avoid wearing expensive watches, jewellery and cameras. Pay close attention to your personal belongings, particularly at the airport and in markets.
Terrorism Terrorism is a threat throughout the world. Tourism is only permitted in groups organised by DPRK officials, or by approved travel agencies. Foreigners must be accompanied by an official guide at all times. Foreigners are often required to present their identity documents at police checkpoints when entering and leaving towns.