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Albina was one of the dogs shortlisted for Sputnik 2but never flew in orbit. In the event of unscheduled return to the surface, the craft was to eject the dogs and self-destruct, but the ejection seat failed and the primary destruct mechanism shorted out.
Soviet space dogs - Wikipedia
The animals were thus still in the intact capsule when it returned to the surface. The backup self-destruct mechanism was set to a hour timer, so a team was quickly sent out to locate and recover the capsule. Although the capsule was reached in deep snow on the first day, there was insufficient remaining daylight to disarm the self-destruct mechanism and open the capsule.
On the second day, however, the dogs were heard barking as the capsule was opened. The dogs were wrapped in sheepskin coats and flown to Moscow alive, though all the mice aboard the capsule were found dead because of the cold.
After this incident Krasavka was adopted by Oleg Gazenkoa leading soviet scientist working with animals used in space flights. She went on to have puppies and continued living with Gazenko and his family until her death 14 years later.
Space Dogs () - IMDb
At least four other dogs flew in Septemberand two or more were lost. Small animals weighing kilos lbs were selected were selected for the first missions, because spaceships could not carry heavy payloads.
The first eligible passengers, aged two to six, had exemplary health and immunity to diseases and harsh environments, and had benign and patient dispositions. Females were preferred because their hygienic suits were easier to make.
Soviet space dogs
Potential publicity mattered no less than scientific expediency, and so healthy, light-colored dogs, with clever looking faces were selected so that they would look good when televised or photographed for cover stories.
The training for short rocket flights and longer satellite expeditions started with the space suits. The dogs got accustomed to the protective and hygienic suits. Then, they learned to eat from an automated feeding system that used a conveyor belt to deliver food boxes on a schedule. The most difficult part was training the dogs to get used to confinement for up to three weeks, which was done using isolated cubicles. The dogs also had to exercise, use the centrifuge, and be trained for the pod ejection process.
The training finished with comprehensive tests, during which the dogs stayed in a sealed capsule for many days and were exposed to simulated adversities they could encounter during a space flight. The first dog crew was launched at the Kapustin Yar space center on July 22, All told, there were 29 flights with dogs to the stratosphere at a height of km miles between July and September Eight of them ended tragically due to hull breaches, parachute failures or life-support system failures.
The first returnable space vehicle with a comprehensive life-support system was built early inbut the first flight ended in a crash. The second, triumphant launch was made at the Baikonur space center at 3: The satellite weighed 4, kilos more than 10, lbsnot including the carrier rocket, and consisted of a tight landing section and equipment bay.